Step by Step Guide For Deep Cleaning Of Your Mattress

Step by Step Guide For Deep Cleaning Of Your Mattress

Did you know that on average, you spend almost one-third of your life on your mattress?

This greatly highlights the need for regularly cleaning your mattress in order to keep it fresh, sanitary, and dirt-free.

When it comes to mattress cleaning, many people believe that simply changing the sheets from time to time will do the job; however, what you need to understand here that your mattress could very well be the most unhygienic thing in your home.

Every time you lay down on your mattress to sleep, you shed dead skin, which makes it the ideal breeding ground for dust mites and bacteria.

According to the American Council on Science and Health, your mattress could be home to millions of dust mites without you even realizing it.

Not just that, but you also tend to sweat while you sleep, which creates moisture and dampness in your mattress. This creates the ideal growing conditions for fungi and other such spore-producing organisms.

For these very reasons, mattress deep cleaning is extremely vital if you’re looking to keep it clean and hygienic at all times.

If you’d like to see a graphical breakdown of the mattress cleaning, we got you covered:

Mattress Cleaning

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What Is Considered a Mattress Deep Clean?

deep clean for mattress

A mattress deep clean is best described as a method of cleaning that pays attention to every inch and corner of your mattress in order to make it completely dirt-free and debris-free. It involves multiple steps that greatly help sanitize the mattress for a long time.

Flipping your mattress or changing the sheets comes under ‘regular cleaning,’ which you probably do every two weeks.

On the other hand, mattress deep cleaning should be done roughly every six months, and compared to regular cleaning, it thoroughly helps clean the mattress, removes all types of stains from it, eliminates unpleasant odors and scents, and also prevents it from posing major health risks.

What Do You Need for a Deep Clean?

vinegar and soda

For an effective and long-lasting deep clean, you need some essential supplies that generally include a variety of cleaning tools and products, each of which serves a special and unique function.

These are:

  • Vacuum cleaner – to prepare your mattress for deep cleaning by removing dirt and debris.
  • Cleaning cloths – to help blot the stains.
  • Laundry detergent – to wash the bedding.
  • Baking soda – to absorb moisture and odor.
  • Essential oils – to eliminate dust mites and unpleasant odors.
  • Cold water – cleaning and stain removal.
  • Vinegar – to remove all kinds of stains.
  • Hydrogen peroxide – to remove stains and smells.
  • Salt – to break down stains and odors.
  • Bleach – to remove bacteria and other contaminants.
  • Ammonia – to remove tough stains.
  • Gloves – for safety purposes.

Step by Step Guide

Many homeowners find mattress deep cleaning to be quite a daunting task; however, if done in steps, you will realize that it’s actually very easy.

While it surely is a long process, it is worth all the effort because a clean and hygienic mattress will help you sleep better at night and will also prevent the risk of allergies and infections.

Here is an easy and detailed step-by-step guide for an effective and thorough mattress deep cleaning.   

Step 1: Ventilation

First things first, you want to open the doors and windows to properly ventilate the room before you begin cleaning your mattress.

This is to allow all the chemical smells and unpleasant odors to disperse from the room, as well as to give the mattress enough air to dry properly before you can sleep on it again.

Step 2: Strip the Bed

ventilate mattress

The next step is to remove everything from the surface of the bed, be it decorative items, blankets, pillows, or other objects.

The goal here is to remove all those items that aren’t a part of the mattress because you don’t want anything to get in the way when you are deep cleaning your mattress.

Step 3: Remove the Linens

Once you have properly cleared the top surface of the mattress, now is the time to remove the sheets and the linens.

This includes pillowcases, sheet covers, mattress covers, and mattress protects. Carefully fold all these sheets and covers to prevent any further dirt debris from falling onto the mattress.

Step 4: Wash the Bedding

Before you officially begin the mattress deep cleaning process, you must wash all the bedding that you removed earlier so that you can re-use them later.

Prepare a mixture of water and laundry detergent and throw all the dirty sheets and linens in the laundry. This can take place while you deep clean your mattress.

Once your mattress is perfectly clean and spotless, you will also have freshly laundered sheets that are ready to be used.

Step 5: Vacuum the Mattress

Vacuum cleaning mattress

Now that your bedding is in the wash and there’s nothing left on the surface of the mattress, it is time to begin deep cleaning it.

At this point, it is ideal to wear a pair of gloves to prevent any kind of skin reaction from the chemicals that you’ll be using in the later stages of the cleaning process.

The first thing that you need to do here is vacuum your mattress. You should use a vacuum with an upholstery attachment for a more convenient and hassle-free cleaning process.

Vacuum the entire surface of the mattress and make sure that you get every inch and corner of it.

Move the vacuum back and forth and then up and down in order to suck away the dirt, dead skin, hair, and all other types of debris that might have accumulated in a certain area of the mattress.

If your vacuum has a crevice attachment, use it to clean hard-to-reach places, such as between the embroidery (if any) and the indentations on the mattress. Use the nozzle attachments to get the sides and corners of the mattress.

Once the top has been perfectly vacuumed, flip your mattress and repeat the whole process on the other side. An important thing to remember here is to exert as much pressure as you can because a few pulls and pushes won’t do the job properly.

Often times, the dirt tends to lie below the surface of the mattress, and to remove that properly, you must apply a whole lot of force.

Step 6: Remove Stains

If you see any visible stains on the surface of your mattress, you will need to go through an elaborate stain-removal process before disinfecting and deodorizing your mattress.

It is imperative for you to note here that there are different kinds of stains that you are likely to find on your mattress!

These typically include blood stains, urine stains, or even vomit stains. Each type of stain has a different removal process and uses a specific stain remover.

For Blood Stains

If there are bloodstains on your mattress, you need the following ingredients: salt, dish soap, and hydrogen peroxide.

Mix the three items together and carefully pour the mixture over the affected areas. Let it sit for an hour or two and then rub the area with the help of a wet cleaning cloth.

For Urine Stains

child with urine stain

In the case of urine stains, mix 2-3 tablespoons of baking soda with some hydrogen peroxide. Dip a cleaning cloth in the solution and lightly dab it on the affected areas.

Since hydrogen peroxide and baking soda produce a very powerful reaction, avoid soaking the stains in the solution. Let it sit for a while till it dries up and then gently clean it with a wet piece of cloth.

The thing with urine stains is that they tend to leave very nasty and stubborn types of odors and marks. In case the stain is still visible, mix a little amount of laundry detergent with water, and cover the stain with the mixture.

Allow it to penetrate it to the bottom of the stain for at least half an hour and then scoop away the cleaning solution.

For Vomit Stains

Although vomit stains are quite rare, you can still find them on your mattress if you have kids in the house. Also, these are the hardest to remove among all other types of stains, so you must be careful with the removal process.

For vomit stains, you need to spray some hydrogen peroxide on the stain and let it sit for 10-15 minutes. The second it touches the mattress, it will start bubbling, which is a sign that it has started reacting with the stain.

Once it stops bubbling, use a damp cloth to remove the hydrogen peroxide from the surface of the mattress.

Other Stains

In case of other stains, such as those caused by food, makeup, oil, or wine, soak the corner of a cleaning cloth in ammonia and use it to blot the stain.

Since ammonia is an extremely strong chemical, make sure that you use a very small amount.

Also, don’t let it sit on the mattress for more than 5 minutes because it works at a rapid pace and might damage your mattress if it’s left to sit for too long.

Step 7: Deodorize the Mattress

Once you have successfully treated the stains on your mattress, now it is time to carefully deodorize it.

As we mentioned above, your mattress is a breeding ground for bacteria that needs to be removed in order to make it clean and hygiene.

At this stage, sprinkle a handful of baking soda generously all over the mattress. You want to make sure to cover every area in order to effectively remove all the hidden bacteria. Baking soda acts as a great deodorizer, mainly because of its acidic nature.

It greatly helps absorb all the moisture and odor, and in doing so, it will eliminate odors from your mattress to a great extent and will also remove all the dampness from it.

Ideally, you should let the baking soda sit on the mattress for at least 24 hours because the longer it sits, the better job it will do of removing nasty smells and moisture from your mattress.

Since you already opened all the doors and windows in the earlier stages, the air will allow the baking soda to penetrate deep into the bottom-most layers of the mattress. However, if you wish to speed up the process even further, it is best to leave the mattress outdoors, right under direct sunlight.

The UV rays from the sun will help kills all the bacteria and mold that is likely to be residing in your mattress.

In case you notice faint stains on your mattress, make sure to sprinkle more baking soda on the affected areas because it will help break them down, making it easy for you to rub them off later.  

Step 8: Vacuum Again

mattress deep cleaning

After letting baking soda do its job for a few good hours, vacuum the entire mattress again in order to remove the soda from the surface.

Vacuuming will also help eliminate any lingering smell or odors from the mattress.

Stet 9: DIY Anti-Allergy Spray

Your mattress can also be home to dust mites that can lead to serious allergies, rashes, and even cause breathing problems like asthma. It is essential that you successfully eliminate dust mites during mattress deep cleaning with the help of a DIY anti-allergy spray.

For this, you to mix some distilled water with a few tablespoons of tea tree oil. Spray the mixture all over your mattress and allow it to dry properly before you move on to the next step.

You can also use other varieties of essential oils, such as rosemary, eucalyptus, and clove, to name a few.

Essential oils also help get rid of unpleasant odors and leave your mattress with a fresh, sweet-smelling scent.

Step 10: Disinfect the Mattress

One of the last few steps of mattress deep cleaning is disinfecting the mattress, which simply refers to making it bacteria-free and also prevents it from being affected by other contaminants in the future.

For that, mix cold water with some bleach and spray the mixture all over the mattress.

After a few minutes, use a cleaning rag or cloth to wipe off the mixture from the surface of the mattress, and then allow it to dry, preferably under natural sunlight.

Step 11: Flip the Mattress

flip the mattress

Now that one side of your mattress is completely clean and spotless, flip it over and repeat all the above steps with the other side.

However, this depends on the type of mattress you have. Some mattresses need to be flipped or rotated, while others only require to be cleaned from one side.

Step 12: Apply a Mattress Cover

Your mattress is now perfectly clean and hygienic, and it’s time to protect it from dirt, debris, spills, and stains.

Use a mattress cover to or a protector and layer it over your mattress in order to keep it clean for a longer period of time.

Extra Tips

air your mattress

The above mentioned step-by-step guide on mattress deep cleaning will greatly help you keep your mattress clean and fresh for a long time; however, there are many other things you can do to extend the life of your mattress.

Here are a few simple tips to follow to take extra care of your mattress and ensure that it lasts you a long time.

  • Air your mattress every six months by keeping it outdoors directly under the sun. Let it sit under the sun for at least six hours in order to get rid of bed bugs and other such insects that might be hiding away inside your mattress.
  • Make sure to keep your mattress dry at all times because moisture and dampness create the ideal breeding ground for bacteria and mold. In case of a water spill, dry the affected area immediately by switching on the fan, opening the windows, or keeping the mattress under the sun for a few hours.
  • Protect your mattress with the help of mattress pads or extra linings before you cover it with new, fresh sheets. This additional lining will prevent stains, spills, and dirt from reaching the bottom of the mattress and will act as a protective barrier between the sheets and your mattress.
  • You should change your bed sheets once every two weeks in order to prevent bacteria and dust mites from creating a home inside your mattress. Also, make sure to wash them regularly to keep them fresh and clean.
  • Act fast with spills and stains because the longer they sit on your mattress, the harder it will be for you to clean and remove them.
  • Since your mattress naturally attracts dust and dirt, it is a good idea to vacuum regularly to prevent a buildup or accumulation of dead skin and dust over-time.


Mattress deep cleaning is extremely vital in order to sleep well at night and also to prevent the risk of allergies and infections.

More than that, you certainly want to extend the life of your mattress and prevent yourself from investing in a new mattress every once in a while.

So, like any other item in your home, you need to deep clean your mattress at least twice a year to keep it clean, spotless, odor-free, and sanitary for the many years to come.

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